Ottoman Empire Ottoman Brothers: Muslims, Christians, and Jews in Early Twentieth-Century Palestine by Michelle Campos Osman’s Dream: The History of the Ottoman Empire by Caroline Finkel A Brief History of the...

Rise of Islam and Caliphate Rule The Byzantine-Islamic Transition in Palestine: An Archaeological Approach (Oxford Studies in Byzantium) by Gideon Avni The Great Caliphs: The Golden Age of the ‘Abbasid Empire...